Stellite™ 21 Alloy Datasheet

Wrought Cobalt Alloy

Supplied by Kennametal Stellite

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Product Description
Stellite™ 21 (previously known as Stellite™ 8) was developed in the mid 1930s as a corrosion resistant CoCr alloy, and rapidly found application as a biocompatible hip implant and denture alloy. Many of the alloys currently used in medical applications are variants of the original Stellite™ 21 composition. It was also one of the first heat-resistant alloys trialled for use in jet engines.

Stellite™ 21 consists of a CoCrMo alloy matrix containing dispersed hard carbides which strengthen the alloy and increase its hardness, but also decrease the ductility. The type, shape, size, and distribution of the carbides is strongly influenced by the processing history of the alloy, and for this reason the mechanical properties of stellite™ 21 are very dependent upon the manufacturing route and any subsequent heat treatments.

Due to the low volume fraction of carbides, the Co-based alloy matrix dominates the wear and corrosion properties. Stellite™ 21 has excellent cavitation, galling and metal-to-metal sliding wear resistance, but is not recommended for severe hard particle abrasion. The surface can work harden considerably during wear or even during machining, and the use of correct machining tools and techniques is important to achieve optimal results.

Stellite™ 21 has excellent resistance to thermal and mechanical shock. Optimum high temperature strength is obtained by solution heat treatments at 1200-1240°C (2190 - 2265°F) followed by quenching, and aging in the temperature range 700-1150°C (1290-2100°F).

Stellite™ 21 can be cast, powder metallurgically processed, or applied as a weld hardfacing. It is recommended for applications involving cavitation, erosion, corrosion and/or high temperatures, such as valve trim for petrochemical and power generation. Due to its good impact resistance, it has been widely used in the building up of forging or hot stamping dies. The oxyacetylene weld deposition method is not recommended for this alloy.
General  
Material Status 
  • Commercial: Active
Availability 
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • North America
Available Documents
Technical Datasheet (English)
Metals General
Nominal Value
Unit
 
Applicable Specifications
 
 
Forms Available
 
 
Metal Type
 
 
Alloy Identification
 
 
Metals Type Analysis
Nominal Value
Unit
 
Type Analysis
     
Carbon
%
 
Chromium
%
 
Cobalt
%
 
Molybdenum
%
 
Nickel
%
 
Metals Physical
Nominal Value
Unit
 
Density
lb/in³
 
Metals Mechanical
Nominal Value
Unit
 
Tensile Strength (Ultimate) 2 (73°F)
ksi
 
Tensile Strength (Yield), 0.2% 2 (73°F)
ksi
 
Tensile Elongation (Break) 2 (73°F)
%
 
Hardness
     
HRC-Scale
 
 
HV-Scale
 
 
Tensile Modulus 2 (73°F)
ksi
 
Metals Thermal
Nominal Value
Unit
 
Mean CTE (68 to 212°F)
in/in/°F
 
Thermal Conductivity (73°F)
Btu·in/hr/ft²/°F
 
Metals Electrical
Nominal Value
Unit
 
Electrical Resistivity (73°F)
ohms·cir·mil/ft
 
Notes
1Typical properties: these are not to be construed as specifications.
2Castings
 
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